- View All
other Cornell affiliations
At Cornell, the research and graduate training in Tauber’s lab focused on three inter-related areas: insect seasonality, the comparative biology of predators and parasitoids, and biological control. His group (including Catherine Tauber) investigated interactions among phytophagous pests, their natural enemies, and biotic & abiotic factors; the overall goal was to incorporate comparative, genetic, and evolutionary concepts into the theory and practice of biological control. Now, in active retirement, he and Catherine focus their research on the comparative biology and systematics of New World lacewings, with special emphasis on two biodiversity hot-spots – Brazil’s Atlantic Forest and the Hawaiian Islands.
Areas of Prof Tauber’s interest and expertise include:
1. Ecophysiology & evolution of insect seasonal cycles
Using a variety of agricultural pests and their natural enemies, the Tauber lab investigated how insects synchronize their life cycles and activities to the seasons. Particular emphasis was placed on elucidating: (a) insects’ responses to seasonal changes in photoperiod, temperature, moisture and food, (b) the geographical variation in their seasonal adaptations, and (c) the role of phenology in speciation.
2. Host (phytophagous pest) / natural enemy interactions
Research with generalist and specialist species demonstrated that (a) a broad suite of diverse traits can underlie diet breadth in predacious insects, (b) prey specificity can be very stable, and (c) the evolution of prey specialization can play a major role in the diversification and speciation of predators. Other, collaborative, tritrophic studies involving both parasitoids and predators showed that host-plant resistance and biological control can be combined in the IPM of insect pests.
3. Commercialization of natural enemies
To increase the diversity and availability of natural enemies in biological control, the lab’s research (a) developed methods for storing a commercially marketed predator without loss of post-storage performance and (b) demonstrated the desirability of mass-rearing and using camouflaged (“trash-carrying”) lacewings in biological control.
Two projects, in close collaboration with Catherine Tauber and colleagues in Latin America, focus on the comparative biology and systematics of lacewings. These projects emphasize (but are not restricted to) the lacewings in two biodiversity hot-spots -- Brazil’s Atlantic Forest and Hawaii. The comparative biology research offers the systematics studies a suite of characteristics that differentiate taxa and provide evidence of evolutionary history. The systematics component (see Catherine Tauber website) provides an evolutionary (phylogenetic) framework for the comparative biology studies.
- Interpopulation variation in Chrysoperla carnea reproduction: implications for mass-rearing and storage. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 95:293-302. 2000
- Entomopathogenic nematode (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae and Steinernematidae) response to soil texture and bulk density. Environmental Entomology. 28:1021-1035. 1999
- Moisture, a vital but neglected factor in the seasonal ecology of insects: hypotheses and tests of mechanisms. Environmental Entomology. 27:523-530. 1998
- Is Empoasca fabae (Harris) (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) a victim of pied piper migration?: Induction of reproductive diapause and its phenological implications. Environmental Entomology. 24:1086-1095. 1995
- Soil moisture and post-dormancy emergence of Colorado potato beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): A descriptive model and field emergence patterns. Environmental Entomology. 23:1485-1496. 1994
- Interactions at three trophic levels: Edovum puttleri Grissell (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), the Colorado potato beetle, and insect-resistant potatoes. Canadian Entomologist, The. 121:841-851. 1989
- Comparative toxicity of pesticides to Edovum puttleri (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), an egg parasitoid of the Colorado potato beetle. Journal of Economic Entomology. 79:948-951. 1986
- Predator and parasitoid interaction with aphid-resistant potatoes to reduce aphid densities: a two-year field study. Journal of Economic Entomology. 76:456-462. 1983
selected publications listing
Tauber, C. A., and Tauber, M. J. 2010. Two new endemic species of Chrysopodes (Neosuarius) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) from the Galapagos Islands. ZooKeys 42: 47-78 [download PDF: http://pensoftonline.net/zookeys/index.php/journal/article/view/359/405].
Tauber, C. A., Tauber, M. J., and Albuquerque, G. S. 2009. Neuroptera. Pp. 695-707 in Encyclopedia of Insects, Second Edition (eds. V. H. Resh & R. Cardé). Academic Press.
Tauber, C. A., Albuquerque, G. S. and Tauber, M. J. 2008. Gonzaga nigriceps (McLachlan) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): descriptions of larvae and adults, biological notes, and generic affiliation. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 110: 417-438.
Tauber, C. A., Tauber, M. J., and Albuquerque, G. S. 2008. A new genus and species of green lacewings from Brazil (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae: Leucochrysini). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 101: 314-326.
Tauber, C. A., Albuquerque, G. S. and Tauber, M. J. 2008. A new species of Leucochrysa and a redescription of Leucochrysa (Nodita) clepsydra Banks (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Zootaxa 1781: 1-19 (www.mapress.com/zootaxa/).
Legrand, J., Tauber, C. A., Albuquerque, G. S., and Tauber, M. J. 2008. Navás’ type and non-type specimens of Chrysopidae in the MNHN, Paris. Revue Fancaise d’Entologie 30: 103-183.
Silva, P. S., Albuquerque, G. S., Tauber, C. A. and Tauber, M. J. 2007. Life history of a widespread Neotropical predator, Chrysopodes (Chrysopodes) lineafrons (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Biological Control 41: 33-41.
Tauber, C. A., Tauber, M. J. and Giffin, J. G. 2007. Flightless Hawaiian Hemerobiidae: comparative morphology and biology of a brachypterous species, its macropterous relative and intermediate forms. European J. Entomol. 104: 787-800.
Mantoanelli, E., G. A. Albuquerque, C. A. Tauber, & M. J. Tauber. 2006. Leucochrysa (Leucochrysa) varia (Schneider) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): larval descriptions, developmental rates, and adult color variation. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 98: 7-18.
Tauber, C. A., M. J. Tauber, & G. A. Albuquerque. 2006. Berchmansus elegans (Guérin Méneville) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): larval and adult characteristics and new tribal affiliation. European J. Entomol. 103: 221-231.
Tauber, M. J., Tauber, C. A. and Hilton, T. W. 2006. Life history and reproductive behavior of the endemic Hawaiian Anomalochrysa hepatica (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): A comparative approach. Eur. J. Entomol. 103: 327-336.
Tauber, C. A., M. J. Tauber, & G. A. Albuquerque. 2005. Characteristics of the Loyola Navás male (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae: Apochrysinae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 107: 543-547.
ADDITIONAL PUBLICATIONS selected from a total of >140 reviewed publications that include two Annual Review articles [Ann. Rev. Entomol. (chosen as a Citation Classic, ISI) and Ann. Rev. Ecology & Systematics], and nine papers in Science (Wash.) and Nature (London).
Tauber, M. J. & C. A. Tauber. 2002. Prolonged dormancy in Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): a ten-year field study with implications for crop rotation. Environ. Entomol. 31: 499-504.
Tauber, M. J., C. A. Tauber, K. M. Daane & K. S. Hagen. 2000. Commercialization of predators: recent lessons from green lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae: Chrysoperla). American Entomologist 46: 26-37.
López-Arroyo, J. I., C. A. Tauber & M. J. Tauber. 1999. Comparative life-histories of the predators Ceraeochrysa cincta, C. cubana, and C. smithi (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 92: 208-217.
Tauber, M. J., C. A. Tauber, J. P. Nyrop & M. G. Villani.1998. (Forum Article). Moisture, a vital but neglected factor in the seasonal ecology of insects: hypotheses & tests of mechanisms. Environ. Entomol. 27: 523-530.
Albuquerque, G. S., M. J. Tauber, & C. A. Tauber. 1997. Life-history adaptations and reproductive costs associated with specialization in predacious insects. J. Animal Ecol. 66: 307-317.
Albuquerque, G. S., C. A. Tauber & M. J. Tauber. 1996. Postmating reproductive isolation between Chrysopa quadripunctata and C. slossonae: mechanisms and geographic variation. Evolution 50: 1598-1606.
Chang, Y.-F., Tauber, M. J. & C. A. Tauber. 1996. Reproduction and quality of F1 offspring in Chrysoperla carnea: differential influence of quiescence, artificially-induced diapause, and natural diapause. J. Insect Physiol. 42: 521-528.
Nechols, J. R., J. J. Obrycki, C. A. Tauber & M. J. Tauber. 1996. Potential impact of native natural enemies on Galerucella spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) imported for biological control of purple loosestrife: a field evaluation. Biol. Control 7: 60-66.
Tauber, C. A., M. J. Tauber & L. M. Milbrath. 1995. Individual repeatability and geographic variation in larval behaviour of a generalist predator. Animal Behaviour 50:1391-1403.
Tauber, M. J., C. A. Tauber, J. R. Ruberson, L. R. Milbrath, & G. S. Albuquerque. 1993. Evolution of prey specificity via three steps. Experientia 49: 1113-1117.
Sawyer, A. J., M. J. Tauber, C. A. Tauber and J. R. Ruberson. 1992. Gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lep.: Lymantriidae) egg development: a simulation analysis of field and laboratory data. Ecol. Modelling 66:121-55.
Tauber, C. A. and M. J. Tauber. 1992. Phenotypic plasticity in Chrysoperla: genetic variation in the sensory mechanism and in correlated reproductive traits. Evolution 46: 1754-1773.
Tauber, C. A. and M. J. Tauber. 1989. Sympatric speciation in insects: perception and perspective. In Speciation and Its Consequences. D. Otte and J. A. Endler (eds.). Sinauer Assoc. Pp.302-344.
Ruberson, J. R., M. J. Tauber, C. A. Tauber, and W. M. Tingey. 1989. Interactions at three trophic levels: Edovum puttleri Grissell (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), the Colorado potato beetle, and insect-resistant potatoes. Can. Ent. 121: 841-851.
Tauber, C. A. and M. J. Tauber. 1987. Inheritance of seasonal cycles in Chrysoperla. Genetical Research, Camb. 49: 215-223.
Nechols, J. R., M. J. Tauber and C. A. Tauber. 1987. Geographical variability in ecophysiological traits controlling dormancy in Chrysopa oculata (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). J. Insect Physiol. 33: 627-633.
Tauber, C. A., M. J. Tauber and J. R. Nechols. 1987. Thermal requirements for development in Chrysopa oculata: a geographically stable trait. Ecology 68: 1479-1487.
Tauber, C. A. and M. J. Tauber. 1987. Food specificity in predacious insects: a comparative ecophysiological and genetic study. Evolutionary Ecology 1: 175-186.
Tauber, M. J., C. A. Tauber and S. Masaki. 1986. Seasonal Adaptations of Insects. Oxford University Press (411 pages).
Obrycki, J. J., M. J. Tauber, and W. M. Tingey. 1983. Predator and parasitoid interaction with aphid-resistant potatoes to reduce aphid densities: a two-year field study. J. Econ. Ent. 76: 456-462.
Tauber, M. J., C. A. Tauber, J. R. Nechols, and R. G. Helgesen. 1982. A new role for temperature in insect dormancy: cold maintains diapause in temperate zone Diptera. Science (Wash.) 218: 690-691.
Tauber, C. A., M. J. Tauber and J. R. Nechols. 1977. Two genes control seasonal isolation in sibling species. Science (Wash.) 197: 592-593.
Tauber, C. A. and M. J. Tauber. 1977. A genetic model for sympatric speciation through habitat diversification and seasonal isolation. Nature (Lond.) 268: 702-705.
Tauber, C. A. and M. J. Tauber 1977. Sympatric speciation based on allelic changes at three loci: evidence from natural populations in two habitats. Science (Wash.) 197: 1298-1299.
Tauber, M. J. and C. A. Tauber. 1973. Quantitative response to daylength during diapause in insects. Nature, Lond. 244: 296-297.
Tauber, M. J. and C. A. Tauber. 1970. Photoperiodic induction and termination of diapause in an insect: response to changing daylengths. Science (Wash.) 167: 170.
- Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1966
- M.S., B.S., University of Manitoba, Canada, 1959, 1958